Diarrhea refers to increased bowel movements in the body or decreased stool shape (diarrhea). These changes in bowel and bowel frequency can change independently, but both changes often occur. There are many causes of diarrhea. Diarrhea must be distinguished from some other illnesses.
These four conditions are associated with diarrhea, but they all have different causes and different treatments than diarrhea. The condition is like fecal incontinence and you cannot control the movement of the stool. Another condition is the urgency of the rectum. In this case, unless the toilet is readily available, you will suddenly feel a severe bowel movement that can lead to incontinence. Then, the bowel movement becomes incomplete, and it feels like another bowel movement immediately after the bowel movement, but it becomes more difficult to defecate. The fourth condition is defecation immediately after eating.
That is, there is no absolute diarrhea. Absolute diarrhea with respect to stool consistency is very difficult to define, as dietary stool consistency can vary widely from person to person. As a result, people who eat a lot of vegetables will have looser stools than those who eat fewer vegetables. Watery or liquid stools are always rare and are considered diarrhea. Therefore, relative diarrhea is much easier to define based on intestinal consistency. Therefore, people who produce looser stools than usual will have diarrhea, even if the stools are consistently within the normal range. Causes of diarrhea
Various viral infections cause many cases of diarrhea. They are usually accompanied by moderate to mild symptoms such as recurrent watery stools, low-grade fever, and abdominal cramps. Diarrhea generally lasts about 4-7 days. The common causes of diarrhea due to virus infection are:
- Rotavirus is one of the most common causes of diarrhea in babies. Nor virus is the most common cause of diarrhea in adults, especially school-aged children.
- Adenovirus infections in diarrhea are common to almost all age groups.
- Bacterial infectious disease is another cause and is a case of more serious diarrhea. Bacterial infections are usually caused by unsanitary food and drink, or food poisoning.
- Bacterial infections can even cause very severe symptoms such as vomiting, severe abdominal cramps and pain, and fever.
Defecation is repeated and may be watery. Below are examples of diarrhea caused by a bacterial infection. If more severe
- the stool may contain pus, mucus, or blood. Many of these infections are associated with the development of local illnesses.
- Traveling abroad is one of the most common ways to get diarrhea. Parasites cause digestive system infections with the help of contaminated water.
Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium, and Entamoeba are some common parasites of diarrhea. Intestinal disorders or diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, diverticulitis, and celiac disease can cause diarrhea.
Responses to certain drugs can cause diarrhea. Common medications include antibiotics, blood pressure medications, cancer medications, and antacids (especially those containing magnesium). Food intolerances such as artificial sweeteners and lactose (the sugar found in milk) can cause diarrhea.